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Crambeidae

Crambeidae is a family of marine demosponges. Identification of members of this family of sponges is based on microscopic examination of the spicules of the skeleton. In megascleres consist of a peripheral thicker and thinner subtylostyles choano ...

Crella

Crella ridleyi Topsent, 1890. Crella mollior Topsent, 1925. Crella elegans Schmidt, 1862. Crella tubifex Hentschel, 1914. Crella alba Vacelet, 1969. Crella fallax Topsent, 1890. Crella akraleitae Brondsted, 1932. Crella hanseni Topsent, 1890. Cre ...

Crellidae

Growth forms are varied and include branching, club-shaped, massive and encrusting. Identification of members of this family is based on microscopic examination of the spicules in their skeleton. The choanosomal skeleton is composed of tornotes w ...

Cymbastela

Cymbastela notiaina Hooper & Bergquist, 1992. Cymbastela lamellata Bergquist, 1961. Cymbastela concentrica Lendenfeld 1887. Cymbastela coralliophila Hooper & Bergquist, 1992. Cymbastela marshae Hooper & Bergquist, 1992. Cymbastela vespertina Hoop ...

Dactylia

Dactylia candelabrum Lendenfeld, 1889. Dactylia repens Carter, 1886. Dactylia australis Lendenfeld, 1889. Dactylia elegans Lendenfeld, 1888. Dactylia impar Carter, 1885. Dactylia radix Lendenfeld, 1888. Dactylia illawarra Lendenfeld, 1889. Dactyl ...

Darwinellidae

Aplysilla glacialis Merejkowski, 1877. Aplysilla sulfurea Schulze, 1878. Aplysilla rubra Hanitsch, 1890. Aplysilla arctica Laubenfels, 1948. Aplysilla pallida Lendenfeld, 1889. Aplysilla longispina George & Wilson, 1919. Aplysilla lacunosa Keller ...

Dendroceratida

Dendroceratida is an order of sponges of the class Demospongiae. They are typically found in shallow coastal and tidal areas of most coasts around the world. They are generally characterized by concentric layers of fibers containing spongin, and ...

Desmacellidae

The following genera are recognized in the family Desmacellidae: Tylosigma Topsent, 1894. Microtylostylifer Dendy, 1924. (Денди Microtylostylifer, 1924) Dragmatella Hallmann, 1917. Desmacella Schmidt, 1870. (Desmacella Шмидта, 1870)

Dictyoceratida

Dictyoceratida is an order of sponges in the subclass Ceractinomorpha containing five families. Along with the Dendroceratida, it is one of the two orders of demosponges that make up the keratose or "horny" sponges, in which a mineral skeleton is ...

Dictyodendrillidae

Acanthodendrilla australis Bergquist, 1995. Genus Acanthodendrilla Bergquist, 1995. Acanthodendrilla levii Uriz & Maldonado, 2000. Dictyodendrilla dendyi Bergquist, 1996. Dictyodendrilla caespitosa Carter, 1886. Dictyodendrilla nux de Laubenfels, ...

Dictyonellidae

Rhaphoxya Hallmann, 1917. Stylissa Hallmann, 1914. Acanthella Schmidt, 1862. (Acanthella Шмидта, 1862) Tethyspira Topsent, 1890. Phakettia de Laubenfels, 1936. Dictyonella Schmidt, 1868. (Dictyonella Шмидта, 1868) Svenzea Alvarez, van Soest & Rut ...

Discodermia dissoluta

Discodermia dissoluta is a deep-water sea sponge found in the Eastern, Southern, and Southwestern Caribbean, and in the Greater Antilles. D. dissoluta is of interest to bio-and organic chemists because it produces -discodermolide, policitally a n ...

Dragmacidon lunaecharta

Dragmacidon lunaecharta, also known as the red ball sponge or red boring sponge, is a species of sea sponge found in the western Atlantic Ocean. It feeds on plankton. These sponges do not attach themselves to rocks or the sea floor but drift in w ...

Echinoclathria

Species in the genus include: Echinoclathria retepora Lendenfeld, 1887. Echinoclathria chalinoides Carter, 1885. Echinoclathria arcifera Schmidt, 1880. Echinoclathria waldoschmitti de Laubenfels, 1954. Echinoclathria axinelloides Dendy, 1896. Ech ...

Encrusting turret sponge

The encrusting turret sponge stilensis), is a species of demosponge. It is known around the southern African coast, from Namibia to the South African south coast.

Esperiopsidae

The World Register of Marine Species includes four genera: Esperiopsis Carter, 1882. (Esperiopsis Картер, 1882) Semisuberites Carter, 1877. (Semisuberites Картер, 1877) Ulosa Laubenfels, 1936. (Laubenfels Ulosa, 1936) Amphilectus Vosmaer, 1880.

Flat leaf sponge

The flat leaf sponge is a species of marine demosponge in the family Isodictyidae. This sponge is known from the west coast of South Africa to False Bay. It is endemic to this region.

Geodia acanthylastra

Geodia acanthylastra is a sponge species from the family Geodiidae. The species is found in the waters of the Pacific Ocean off the coast of California and was first described by Robert Lendenfeld in 1910.

Geodia agassizi

Geodia agassizi is a species of sponge in the family Geodiidae. The species is found in the eastern tropical Pacific Ocean and was first described by Robert Lendenfeld in 1910.

Geodia alba

Geodia alba is a species of sponge in the family Geodiidae. The species is found in the waters of Indonesia and was first described by Oswald Kieschnick in 1896 as Synops alba.

Geodia amphistrongyla

Geodia amphistrongyla is a species of sponge in the family Geodiidae. The species is found in the tropical Pacific Ocean and was first described by Robert J. Lendlmayer von Lendenfeld in 1910.

Geodia anceps

Geodia anceps is a species of sponge in the family Geodiidae. The species is found in the western part of the Mediterranean Sea and was first described by Gualtherus Carel Jacob Vosmaer in 1894 as Synops anceps.

Geodia angulata

Lendenfeld, R. Von 1910a. The Sponges. 1. The Geodidae. In: Reports on the Scientific Results of the Expedition to the Eastern Tropical Pacific, in charge of Alexander Agassiz, by the U.S. Fish Commission Steamer Albatross’, from October, 1904, t ...

Geodia arripiens

Geodia arripiens is a species of sponge in the family Geodiidae. It is found in the waters of the South China Sea. The species was first described by Nils Gustaf Lindgren in 1897.

Geodia ataxastra

Geodia ataxastra is a species of sponge in the family Geodiidae. It is found in the waters of the Pacific Ocean near the coasts of Panama and Colombia. The species was first described by Robert J. Lendlmayer von Lendenfeld in 1910.

Geodia atlantica

Stephens, J. 1915a. Sponges of the Coasts of Ireland. I. - The Triaxonia and part of the Tetraxonida. Fisheries, Ireland Scientific Investigations19144: 1-43, pls I-V. Cardenas, P., Rapp, H.T.: Klitgaard, A.B., Best, M., Thollesson, M., Tendal, O ...

Geodia auroristella

Geodia auroristella is a species of sponge in the family Geodiidae. It is found in the waters of the Indian Ocean around the Seychelles archipelago. The species was first described by Arthur Dendy in 1916.

Geodia breviana

Geodia breviana is a species of sponge in the family Geodiidae. It is found in the waters of the Pacific Ocean off the coast of California. It was first described by Robert J. Lendlmayer von Lendenfeld in 1910.

Geodia carcinophila

Geodia carcinophila is a species of sponge in the family Geodiidae. The species was first described by Lendenfeld in 1897. It is found in the waters of the Somali Sea around the Zanzibar Archipelago.

Geodia composita

Geodia composita is a species of sponge in the family Geodiidae. The species was first described by Bosraug in 1913. It is found off the coasts of Mozambique.

Geodia cooksoni

Geodia cooksoni is a sponge species in the family Geodiidae. The species was first described by British scientist William Johnson Sollas in 1888 under the name Cydonium cooksoni. It is found in the waters of the Pacific Ocean around the Galapagos ...

Geodia distincta

Geodia distincta is a species of sponge in the family Geodiidae. It is found in the waters of the Java Sea. The species was first described by Nils Gustaf Lindgren in 1897.

Geodiidae

Caminus Schmidt, 1862. (Caminus Шмидта, 1862) Melophlus Thiele, 1899. (Melophlus Тиле, 1899) Erylus Gray, 1867. (Erylus Серый, 1867) Penares Gray, 1867. (Penares Серый, 1867) Geodia Lamarck, 1815. (Geodia Ламарка, 1815) Caminella Lendenfeld, 1894 ...

Guadalupiidae

Guadalupiidae is an extinct family of fossil sponges that lived from the Pennsylvanian until the Norian. It includes the following taxa:

Halichondria

Halichondria is a genus of sea sponges belonging to the family Halichondriidae. These are massive, amorphous sponges with clearly separated inner and outer skeletons consisting of bundles of spicules arranged in a seemingly random pattern. This g ...

Halichondriidae

Halichondriidae is a family of sea sponges belonging to the order Suberitida. These sponges have a skeleton consisting of dense bundles of spicules occurring in a more or less random pattern.

Haplosclerida

Haplosclerida is an order of demosponges. It contains the following families: Niphatidae Van Soest, 1980. Calcifibrospongiidae Hartman, 1979. (Calcifibrospongiidae Хартман, 1979) Phloeodictyidae Carter, 1882. (Phloeodictyidae Картер, 1882) Chalin ...

Higginsia

The following species are recognised in the genus Higginsia: Higginsia massalis Carter, 1885. Higginsia tanekea Hooper & Levi, 1993. Higginsia petrosioides Dendy, 1922. Higginsia mixta Hentschel, 1912. Higginsia natalensis Carter, 1885. Higginsia ...

Homaxinella

Homaxinella was originally included in the sponge family Axinellidae but the structure of the skeleton shows that it lacks a reticulation and has bundles of calcareous spicules at the surface which led to its inclusion in Suberitidae. The members ...

Homosclerophorida

Homosclerophorida is an order of marine sponges. It is the only order in the monotypic class Homoscleromorpha. The order is composed of two families: Plakinidae and Oscarellidae.

Hymeniacidon

Hymeniacidon is a genus of sea sponges in the class Demospongiae. Some members of the genus are known to be mobile, achieving speeds of between 1 and 4 mm per day.

Ianthella basta

Ianthella basta, commonly known as elephant ear sponge, is a species of fan-shaped sea sponge in the class Demospongiae. It is also known as the paper sponge or scroll sponge. Sponges are marine invertebrates with a jelly-like mesohyl sandwiched ...

Iophon cheliferum

Iophon cheliferum, also known as the white reticulated sponge, is a species of sea sponge which lives on the bottom of the ocean. It is a deep water species found in the south eastern Pacific Ocean and South Africa.

Ircinia

The following species are recognized in the genus Ircinia: Ircinia cactus Lendenfeld, 1889. Ircinia lendenfeldi de Laubenfels, 1948. Ircinia pinna Hentschel, 1912. Ircinia paucifilamentosa Vacelet, 1961. Ircinia lacuna Sim, Lee & Kim, 2017. Ircin ...

Ircinia spiculosa

Ircinia spiculosa is a marine sponge species in the genus Ircinia. Tryptophol, a plant auxin, can also be isolated from marine sponges I. spinulosa.

Isodictya

Species in the genus include: Isodictya ectofibrosa Levi, 1963. Isodictya erinacea Topsent, 1916. Isodictya spinigera Kirkpatrick, 1907. Isodictya toxophila Burton, 1932. Isodictya alata Stephens, 1915. Isodictya dufresni Boury-Esnault & van Beve ...

Lubomirskiidae

Lubomirskiidae is a family of freshwater sponges from Lake Baikal in Russia. Lubomirskia baikalensis, Baikalospongia bacillifera and B. InterMedia are unusually large for freshwater sponges and can reach 1 m 3.3 feet or more. These three are the ...

Malawispongiidae

Malawispongiidae is a family of freshwater sponges found in the ancient lakes of Malawi, Tanganyika, Kinneret, Ohrid and Poso. As presently defined, the family is polyphyletic.

Metaniidae

Metaniidae is a family of freshwater sponges, with five genera and 26 species: Acalle recurvata Bowerbank, 1863. Acalle Gray, 1867. (Acalle Серый, 1867) Corvomeyenia epilithosa Volkmer-Ribeiro, Rosa-Barbosa & Machado, 2005. Corvomeyenia Weltner, ...

Microcionidae

The following genera are recognized within the family Microcionidae: Clathria Schmidt, 1862. (Clathria Шмидта, 1862) Holopsamma Carter, 1885. (Holopsamma Картер, 1885) Echinochalina Thiele, 1903. (Echinochalina Тиле, 1903) Subfamily Microcioninae ...